This rural town is known around the world for its monolithic churches, which were built during the reign of Saint Lalibela (a member of the Zagwe Dynasty ruled Ethiopia from the end of the kingdom of Axum to 1270) who ruled the Ethiopia in the 13th century. There are 11 churches, assembled in three groups.
The eight wonder of the world: The Northern Group: Bete Medhane Alem, home to the Lalibela Cross and believed to be the largest monolithic church in the world, probably a copy of St Mary of Zion in Aksum. It is linked to Bete Maryam (possibly the oldest of the churches), Bete Golgotha (known for its arts and said to contain the tomb of King Lalibela).
During Lalibela’s reign, the current town of Lalibela was known as Roha. “Lalibela” itself means “the bees recognize his sovereignty. Lalibela has always been a place of pilgrimage largely known in Ethiopia. The term primarily refers to the complex of eleven churches in Lalibela, Ethiopia believed to have been created in the 12th century, the most famous of which is the cross-shaped Church of St. George.